Charles I King of Portugal 1865
- Born: 28 Sep 1863, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal 1864
- Marriage: Marie Amelie Princess d'Orleans on 22 May 1886 in Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal 1864
- Died: 1 Feb 1908, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal at age 44 1864
- Buried: Sao Vicente de Fora (Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal)
Other names for Charles were Carlos Fernando Luís Maria Victor Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Xavier Francisco de Assis José Simão of Braganza 1865 and Carlos I.1864
Carlos I (pron. IPA /'ka?.?u?; Eng. Charles), the Martyrized (Port. o Martirizado) - (Lisbon, September 28, 1863 - Lisbon, February 1, 1908) named Carlos Fernando Luís Maria Victor Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Xavier Francisco de Assis José Simão of Braganza was the 33rd (or 34th according to some historians) and second last of Portugal's kings.
He was born in Lisbon, Portugal, the son of King Luís Filipe and Princess Maria Pia of Savoy daughter of Victor Emmanuel II, King of Italy.
Carlos became King on October 10, 1889. An intelligent but vastly extravagant man, Carlos's policies, wastefulness and extramarital affairs effectively sealed the fate of the Portuguese monarchy. Colonial treaties with the United Kingdom (one signed in August 1890 that defined their African borders along the Zambezi and Congo rivers and another signed on October 14, 1899, that confirmed colonial treaties of the 17th Century) stabilised the situation in Africa. Domestically, Portugal was twice declared bankrupt - on June 14, 1892, and again on May 10, 1902 - causing industrial disturbances, socialist and republican antagonism and press criticism of the monarchy. Carlos responded by appointing João Franco as prime minister and subsequently accepting parliament dissolution.
On February 1, 1908 the royal family returned from the palace of Vila Viçosa to Lisbon. They travelled by coach to Almada and from then took a boat to cross the Tagus River and disembarked in Cais do Sodré in downtown Lisbon. On their way to the royal palace, the carriage with Carlos I and his family passed through Terreiro do Paço. While crossing the square, shots were fired from the crowd by at least two men: Alfredo Costa and Manuel Buiça. The king died immediately, his heir Luís Filipe was mortally wounded, and Prince Manuel was hit in an arm. The assassins were shot at the spot by members of the bodyguard and later recognized as members of the Republican Party. About twenty minutes later, Prince Luis Filipe died and days later, Manuel was acclaimed king of Portugal, the last one of the Braganza dynasty.
Carlos was married to Princess Amélie of Orléans in 1886. She was daughter of Philippe, Comte de Paris and Marie Isabelle d'Orléans. Their children were
Luis Filipe, Duke of Braganza (1887-1908)
Manuel II, king of Portugal between 1908 and 1910 (1889-1932)
Maria Anna of Braganza, princess of Portugal (1887-1887).
It was alleged (many years after his death) that Carlos I had an illegitimate daughter by Maria Amelia Laredo e Murca: particulars of this claim can be found at Maria Pia of Bragança. 1865
1. Acceded: King of Portugal, 10 Oct 1889-1 Feb 1908. 1865
Charles married Marie Amelie Princess d'Orleans on 22 May 1886 in Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal.1864 (Marie Amelie Princess d'Orleans was born on 28 Sep 1865 in Twickenham, Middlesex, England and died on 25 Oct 1951 1851.)