Louis I King of Portugal 1853
- Born: 31 Oct 1838, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal 1853
- Christened: 14 Nov 1838, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal 1854
- Marriage: Maria Pia Princess of Savoy on 6 Oct 1862 in Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal 1853
- Died: 19 Oct 1889, Cascais, Lisboa, Portugal at age 50 1853
- Buried: Sao Vicente de Fora (Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal)
Other names for Louis were Luís Filipe 1854,1863 and Luis Philippe Maria Fernando Pedro-de-Alcantara Antonio Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Xavier Franzcisco de Assiz Joanno.
Louis I, the Popular (Port. o Popular) - (Lisbon, October 31, 1838 - Cascais, October 19, 1889) was the 32nd (or 33rd according to some historians) King of Portugal between 1861 and 1889. He was the second son of Maria II da Glória and Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
Louis was a cultured man who wrote vernacular poetry, but otherwise had no distinguishing gifts in the political field into which he was thrust by the deaths of his brothers Pedro V and Ferdinand in 1861. Luis' domestic reign was a tedious and ineffective series of transitional governments formed at various times by the Progressives (Liberals) and Regenerators (Conservatives - the party generally favoured by King Luis, who secured their long term in office after 1881). Despite a flirtation with the Spanish succession prior to the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71, Louis's reign was otherwise one of domestic stagnation as Portugal fell ever further behind the nations of western Europe in terms of public education, political stability, technological progress and economic prosperity. In colonial affairs, Delgoa Bay was confirmed as a Portuguese possession in 1875, whilst Belgian activities in the Congo (1880s) denied Portugal a land link between Angola and Mozambique at the peak of the Scramble for Africa.
Louis was mostly a man of the sciences, with a passion for oceanography. He invested great amounts of his fortune in funding research boats to collect specimens in the oceans of the world. He was responsible for the establishment of one of the World's first Aquariums, Aquário Vasco da Gama in Lisbon, which is still open to the public with its vast collection of maritime life forms, including a 10 meter long squid. His love for sciences and things new was passed to his two sons. 1863
1. Acceded: King of Portugal, 1861-1889. 1863
Louis married Maria Pia Princess of Savoy, daughter of Victor Emmanuel II King of Italy and Maria Adelaide of Habsburg Archduchess of Austria, on 6 Oct 1862 in Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal.1853 (Maria Pia Princess of Savoy was born on 16 Oct 1847 in Torino, Piemonte, Italy,1848 died on 5 Jul 1911 in Stupinigi, Italy 1848 and was buried in Basilica of Superga (Torino, Piemonte, Italy) 1854.)