Amedeo I King of Spain 1848
- Born: 30 May 1845, Torino, Piemonte, Italy 1855
- Marriage (1): Marie Bonaparte-Moncalieri Princess on 11 Sep 1888 1854
- Marriage (2): Maria Princess of Cisterna on 30 May 1867 in Torino, Piemonte, Italy 1855
- Died: 18 Jan 1890, Torino, Piemonte, Italy at age 44 1855
Another name for Amedeo was Amadeo Fernando Maria.1854
Amadeo I (sometimes Latinized as Amadeus) (May 30, 1845 - January 18, 1890), 1st Duke of Aosta and King of Spain, was born in Turin, Italy. He was the second son of Victor Emmanuel II (King of Piedmont, Savoy, Sardinia and, later, first King of Italy) and Mary Adelaide of Austria.
In 1867, he married Maria Victoria al Pozzo della Cisterna (b. August 1847, d. November 1876) and they had three children, Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta, Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin, and Luigi, Duke of Abruzzi. One year later, after the Spanish revolution deposed Isabella II, the new Cortes decided to reinstate a monarchy. Amadeus I was elected King on November 16, 1870. He swore to uphold the constitution in Madrid on January 2, 1871.
The election of the new King coincided with the assassination of General Juan Prim, his main backer. After that, Amadeo had to deal with difficult situations, with unstable Spanish politics, republican conspiracies, Carlist uprisings, separatism in Cuba, same-party disputes, fugitive governments and assassination attempts.
He could only count on the support of the progressive party, whose leaders were trading off in the government thanks to parliamentary majority and electoral fraud. The progressives divided into monarchists and constitutionalists, which made the instability worse, and in 1872 a violent outburst of interparty conflicts hit a peak. There was a Carlist uprising in the Basque and Catalan regions, and after that, republican uprisings happened in various cities dispersed across the country. The artillery corps of the army went on strike, and the government instructed the King to discipline them.
With the possibility of reigning with no popular support, Amadeus issued an order against the artillery corps and then immediately abdicated from the Spanish throne on February 11, 1873. At ten o'clock that same night, Spain was proclaimed a republic, at which time Amadeo made an appearance before the Cortes, proclaiming the Spanish people ungovernable.
Completely disgusted, the ex-monarch left Spain to go back to Italy, where he took over the title of Duke of Aosta.
He married French Princess Marie Laetitia Napoleon (20 November 1866 - 25 October 1926), after the death of his first wife. They had one child, Umberto.
Amadeo remained in Turin, Italy until he died on 18 January 1890.
The first Spanish Republic lasted less than one year, and in 1875 Alfonso XII, the son of Isabella II, was proclaimed king, with Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, Spanish prime minister from 1873 until his assassination in 1893, briefly regent.
Seventy years later, in 1941, Amadeo's grandson, Aimone, 4th Duke of Aosta was proclaimed king of the Independent State of Croatia as Tomislav II. He never actually reigned and only lasted 29 months before abdicating. 1848
1. Acceded: King of Spain, 1870-1873. 1848
Amedeo married Marie Bonaparte-Moncalieri Princess, daughter of Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte and Marie Clothilde Princess of Italy, on 11 Sep 1888.1854 (Marie Bonaparte-Moncalieri Princess was born on 20 Dec 1866 in Paris, Rhône-Alpes, France 1855 and died on 25 Oct 1926 in Moncalieri, Italy 1855.)
Amedeo next married Maria Princess of Cisterna on 30 May 1867 in Torino, Piemonte, Italy.1855 (Maria Princess of Cisterna was born on 9 Aug 1847 in Paris, Rhône-Alpes, France 1855 and died on 8 Nov 1876 in San Remo, Liguria, Italy 1855.)