Carlo King of Sardinia 1845
- Born: 2 Oct 1798, Turin, Piemonte, Italy 1845
- Marriage: Maria Teresa Princess of Austria-Tuscany on 30 Sep 1817 1845
- Died: 28 Jul 1849, Oporto, Porto, Portugal at age 50 1845
Other names for Carlo were Carlo Alberto Amedeo 1852 and Charles Albert.
Charles Albert (October 2, 1798 - July 28, 1849) was the Duke of Savoy, Piedmont, Aosta and King of Sardinia from 1831 to 1849. He succeeded Charles Felix, and his name is bound with the first Italian statute and the First War of Independence (1848-1849). He abdicated after his forces were defeated by the Austrian army at the Battle of Novara (1849).
He was born in Turin in 1798, to Carlo Emanuele (1770-1800), 6th Prince of Carignano and Albertina Maria Cristina of Saxony (1779-1851). His father was a fifth-generation descedant of Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano, founder of the Savoy-Carignano line of the House of Savoy.
He was educated in the intellectually liberal and Francophile atmosphere of Geneva, then in Paris during the First French Empire. After the fall of Napoleon I of France, Charles Albert returned to Turin. He married Maria Teresa of Tuscany (1801-1855) in 1817 and displayed some sympathies with liberals. In 1821, as regent for the kingdom in the absence of the new king, Charles Felix, he conceded a constitution that was disavowed by the king, who sent him to join the French ultra-monarchist forces in Spain to suppress the liberal revolution there and restore Ferdinand VII. He distinguished himself at the Battle of Trocadero in 1823, which annihilated hopes of a constitutional monarchy for Spain.
Carlo Alberto succeeded Carlo Felice to the throne of Sardinia in 1831. Although an Italian patriot opposed to Austrian hegemony in Northern Italy, he put down the Mazzini conspiracy. He introduced a series of reforms that abolished domestic customs barriers within the kingdom, promulgated a constitutional law code (Statuto Albertino) along Napoleonic lines and supported the arts and sciences.
During the Revolutions of 1848 he agreed to a constitutional regime that remained in place for the century that the Kingdom of Italy lasted. The same year he declared war on absolutist Austria. However, he was defeated at Novara in 1849 and, rather than redraw the Statute, abdicated in favour of his son, Victor Emmanuel.
He then left for exile in Oporto, Portugal, where he died the same year. 1845
1. Acceded: King of Sardinia, 1831-1849. 1845
Carlo married Maria Teresa Princess of Austria-Tuscany on 30 Sep 1817.1845 (Maria Teresa Princess of Austria-Tuscany was born on 21 Mar 1801 in Vienna, Wien, Austria 1845 and died on 12 Jan 1855 in Torino, Piemonte, Italy 1845.)