Ferdinand Maria of Wittelsbach Elector of Bavaria 1842
- Born: 31 Oct 1636, Munich, Bayern, Germany 1845
- Marriage: Adelaide Henrietta
- Died: 26 May 1679 at age 42 1845
Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (October 31, 1636 - May 26, 1679) was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and an elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire from 1651 to 1679.
He was born in Munich. He was the eldest son of Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria - whom he succeeded, and his second wife Maria Anna of Austria, daughter of the emperor Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.
He was crowned on October 31, 1654. His absolutistic style of leadership became a benchmark for the rest of Germany. Though Ferdinand Maria allied with France he abstained the imperial crown in 1657 to avoid a conflict with Habsburg.
He married Henriette Adelaide of Savoy (d.1676), daughter of Victor Amadeus I of Savoy. With her the Italian Baroque was introduced in Bavaria. The Theatiner Church in Munich was built from 1663 onwards as a gesture of thanks for the birth of the long-awaited heir to the Bavarian crown, Prince Max Emanuel. In 1664, he commissioned the building of Nymphenburg Palace, near Munich.
He died in Schleissheim Palace and was succeeded by his son Maximilian II Emanuel. 1845
1. Occupation: Elector of Bavaria. 1842
Ferdinand married Adelaide Henrietta, daughter of Victor Amadeus I Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie Regent of the Duchy. (Adelaide Henrietta was born in 1636 1842 and died in 1676 1842.)