Macbeth King of Scotland 1833
- Born: Cir 1005 1833
- Marriage: Gruoch "Lady Macbeth"
- Died: 15 Aug 1057, Lumphanan, Aberdeen, Scotland about age 52 1833
- Buried: Iona, Scotland 1833
King of Scots from 1040, the legend of whose life was the basis of Shakespeare's Macbeth. He was probably a [great (kn)] grandson of King Kenneth II (ruled 971-995), and he married Gruoch, a descendant of King Kenneth III (ruled 997-1005). About 1031 Macbeth succeeded his father, Findlaech (Sinel in Shakespeare), as mormaer, or chief, in the province of Moray, in northern Scotland. Macbeth established himself on the throne after killing his cousin King Duncan I in battle near Elgin--not, as in Shakespeare, by murdering Duncan in bed--on Aug. 14, 1040. Both Duncan and Macbeth derived their rights to the crown through their mothers.
Macbeth's victory in 1045 over a rebel army, near Dunkeld (in modern Tayside region) may account for the later references (in Shakespeare and others) to Birnam Wood, for the village of Birnam is near Dunkeld. In 1046 Siward, Earl of Northumbria, unsuccessfully attempted to dethrone Macbeth in favour of Malcolm (afterward King Malcolm III Canmore), eldest son of Duncan I. By 1050 Macbeth felt secure enough to leave Scotland for a pilgrimage to Rome. But in 1054 he was apparently forced by Siward to yield part of southern Scotland to Malcolm. Three years later Macbeth was killed in battle by Malcolm, with assistance from the English.
Macbeth was buried on the island of Iona, regarded as the resting place of lawful kings but not of usurpers. His followers installed his stepson, Lulach, as king; when Lulach was killed on March 17, 1058, Malcolm III was left supreme in Scotland. 1833
1. Acceded: King of Scotland, 1040. 1833
Macbeth married Gruoch "Lady Macbeth", daughter of Beoedhe Prince of Scotland and Unknown. (Gruoch "Lady Macbeth" was born in 1007 1833 and died in 1063 1833.)